Statistics from Altmetric.com
Testicular dislocation is a rare injury caused by a direct blow to the perineum. A high index of suspicion should be maintained, as delay in diagnosis is associated with loss of spermatogenic function of the testis and an increased rate of orchidectomy.1,2
A 21 year old motorcyclist collided with the back of a slow moving vehicle at about 30 mph. In addition to a fracture of the left superior pubic ramus, he was noted to have a tender lump in the right lower abdomen and an empty right hemiscrotum (fig 1). The diagnosis of traumatic testicular dislocation was confirmed by ultrasound (fig 2). Closed reduction was unsuccessful and exploration and orchidopexy was undertaken.
The most common mechanism of testicular dislocation is in motorcycle accidents when the rider is propelled forwards striking his perineum on the fuel tank.
On reaching the external ring the testis may be pushed into the inguinal canal and proceed as far as the retroperitoneum. More commonly, the testis comes to lie in the superficial inguinal pouch.
An ultrasound scan can help to localise the testis and will demonstrate capsular or parenchymal damage.3 If the testis is intact and normally perfused closed reduction under sedation may be attempted. If this fails, then exploration and orchidopexy is indicated. If there is any doubt concerning the viability of the testis then prompt exploration should be undertaken.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.