Aim: To identify the incidence of intracranial pathology in a population of patients with trauma with an on-scene Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) of 13 or 14, and the proportion that required prehospital intubation and ventilation.
Method: A retrospective review of a prehospital trauma database was carried out over a 12-month period, and 81 patients were reviewed. All had a traumatic mechanism of injury and had an on-scene GCS of 13 or 14 recorded by a prehospital doctor. 43 patients required prehospital rapid-sequence intubation. Overall, 31.5% of patients with a GCS of 13 or 14 had an abnormal computed tomography scan of the head and 20.5% had an intracranial haemorrhage.
Results: For this group of patients with trauma with a drop of only one or two points on the GCS, the incidence of intracranial pathology was almost one in three and that of intracranial haemorrhage was one in five.
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Competing interests: None.
These data were presented at the British Association for Emergency Medicine Conference, Prize Session, Liverpool, UK, March 2004.
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