Article Text

PDF
Closed traumatic head injury: dural sinus and internal jugular vein thrombosis
  1. J M Caplan1,
  2. Z Khalpey1,
  3. J Gates2
  1. 1
    Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  2. 2
    Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  1. Dr Z Khalpey, Brigham and Women’s Hospital (PB-B-4), 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA; zkhalpey{at}partners.org

Abstract

Dural sinus thrombosis (DST) has an annual incidence of 3–4 per million and can result from many aetiologies. Presentation of the disease can vary considerably, as can the aetiology and delay of symptoms to clinical detection. Symptoms on presentation include headache, seizures, focal neural deficits and altered mental status. There are many aetiological risk factors associated with DST, which include hypercoagulable states, oral contraceptive use, infection and mechanical causes such as cranial trauma. DST as a result of trauma is rare and aetiologies range from mechanical falls with or without skull fracture, firework explosions, gunshots to the head, blunt trauma to the head and closed head injury. Internal jugular vein thrombosis is also a rare disease and as with DST, traumatic aetiologies are uncommon. More common aetiologies include iatrogenic causes related to catheterisation as well as infectious causes (eg, Lemierre’s syndrome). A case of thrombosis of the transverse sinus, sigmoid sinus and internal jugular vein associated with a closed head injury as the result of a motorcycle accident is presented.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • JMC and ZK contributed equally towards this manuscript.

  • Competing interests: None.

  • Patient consent: Obtained.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.