Article Text

PDF
Prognostic value of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia
  1. Ki Young Jeong1,
  2. Kyuseok Kim1,
  3. Tae Yun Kim1,
  4. Christopher C Lee2,
  5. Si On Jo3,
  6. Joong Eui Rhee1,
  7. You Hwan Jo1,
  8. Gil Joon Suh3,
  9. Adam J Singer2
  1. 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Republic of Korea
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, International Emergency Medicine Stony Brook University Hospital, New York, USA
  3. 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Republic of Korea
  1. Correspondence to Dr Kyuseok Kim, Department of Emergency Medicine, Seoul National University, Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 463-707, Republic of Korea; dremkks{at}snubh.org

Abstract

Background The prognostic role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether NT-proBNP level could predict mortality in hospitalised CAP patients.

Methods We performed a structured medical record review of all hospitalised CAP patients from May 2003 to October 2006, and classified patients into the 30-day survival and non-survival group. Data included demographic and clinical characteristics, and laboratory findings including NT-proBNP levels. The APACHE II scores, PSI (pneumonia severity index) and CURB65 (confusion, urea, respiratory rate, blood pressure and aged 65 or more) scores were calculated. Comparisons between survivors and non-survivors were made with χ2, non-parametric tests and logistic regression and ROC analysis were used to compare the ability of NT-proBNP (adjusted for age, heart failure and creatinine), APACHE II, PSI and CURB65 to predict mortality.

Results Of 502 patients, 61 (12.2%) died within 30 days. NT-proBNP levels were measured in 167 patients and were significantly higher in non-survivors compared to survivors (median 841.7 (IQR 267.1–3137.3) pg/ml vs 3658.0 (1863.0–7025.0) pg/ml, p=0.019). NT-proBNP was an independent predictor of mortality (adjusted OR 1.53; 95% CI 1.16 to 2.02, p=0.002). The AUC for NT-proBNP was 0.712 (95% CI, 0.613 to 0.812), which was comparable to those of PSI (0.749, p=0.531) and CURB65 (0.698, p=0.693), but inferior to that of APACHE II (0.831, p=0.037). Adding NT-proBNP to APACHE II, PSI and CURB65 did not significantly increase the AUCs, respectively.

Conclusions NT-proBNP level is an independent predictor of mortality in hospitalised CAP patients. The performance of NT-proBNP level is comparable to those of PSI and CURB65 in predicting mortality.

  • Biological marker
  • prognosis
  • pro-brain natriuretic peptide
  • pneumonia
  • clinical assessment
  • respiratory
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was approved by the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital Institutional Review Board.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles

  • Primary survey
    Jonathan Wyatt