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Triaging older major trauma patients in the emergency department: an observational study
  1. William Lukin1,2,
  2. Jaimi H Greenslade1,2,3,
  3. Kevin Chu1,2,
  4. Jacelle Lang4,
  5. Anthony F T Brown1,2
  1. 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Queensland, Australia
  2. 2School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia
  3. 3School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Herston, Queensland, Australia
  4. 4Centre of National Research on Disability and Rehabilitation Medicine, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr William Lukin, Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Butterfield Street, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia; Bill_lukin{at}health.qld.gov.au

Abstract

Background The objective of this study was to compare the triage category assigned to older trauma patients with younger trauma patients upon arrival to the emergency department. The focus was to examine whether older major trauma patients were less likely to be assigned an emergency triage category on arrival to the emergency department after controlling for relevant demographics, injury characteristics and injury severity.

Methods This was an observational study using data from the Queensland Trauma Registry. All trauma patients aged 15 years and older who presented to contributing hospitals between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2009 with an Injury Severity Score (ISS)>15 were included. Logistic regression analysis examined the odds of assignment to emergency (Australasian Triage Scale (ATS) 1 or 2) versus urgent (ATS 3–5) treatment for patients across various age categories after adjustment for relevant demographics, injury characteristics and injury severity.

Results The study used data on 6923 patients with a median (IQR) age of 43 (26–62) years and a mortality of 11.4% (95% CI 10.7% to 12.2%). Compared with individuals aged 15–34, the adjusted odds of being assigned an ATS category 1 or 2 were 30% lower (OR=0.68, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.81) for individuals aged 55–75 years and were 50% lower (OR=0.46, 95% CI 0.37 to 0.56) for individuals aged 75 years or older.

Conclusions Among patients with an ISS>15, older major trauma patients were less likely to be assigned an emergency triage category compared with younger patients. This suggests that the elderly may be undertriaged and provides a potential area of study for reducing mortality and morbidity in older trauma patients.

  • triage
  • Trauma

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