Article Text

PDF

Measurement of end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration during cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
  1. D J Steedman,
  2. C E Robertson
  1. Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh.

    Abstract

    End-tidal carbon dioxide concentrations were measured prospectively in 12 cardiac arrest patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in an accident and emergency department. The end-tidal carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration decreased from a mean (+/- SD) of 4.55 +/- 0.88% 1 min after chest compression and ventilation was established, to values ranging from 2.29 +/- 0.84% at 2 min to 1.56 +/- 0.66% following 8 min of CPR. Spontaneous circulation was restored in five patients. This was accompanied by a rapid rise in end-tidal CO2 which peaked at 2 min (3.7 +/- 1.08%). Changes in end-tidal CO2 values were often the first indication of return of spontaneous cardiac output. There was a significant difference in the end-tidal CO2 in patients undergoing CPR before return of spontaneous circulation (2.63 +/- 0.32%) and patients who failed to develop spontaneous output (1.64 +/- 0.89%) (p < 0.001). We conclude that measurement of end-tidal CO2 concentration provides a simple and non-invasive method of measuring blood flow during CPR and can indicate return of spontaneous circulation.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.