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The value of the Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) score, C reactive protein and lactate in predicting 28-day mortality of sepsis in a Dutch emergency department
  1. M A W Hermans1,
  2. P Leffers2,
  3. L M Jansen3,
  4. Y C Keulemans3,
  5. P M Stassen1
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Acute Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), Maastricht, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Epidemiology, CAPHRI, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Gastroenterology, Division of Acute Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+), Maastricht, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Patricia M Stassen, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Acute Medicine, Maastricht University Medical Center, PO Box 5800, Maastricht, 6202 AZ, The Netherlands; p.stassen{at}mumc.nl

Abstract

Background The tendency of sepsis to progress rapidly and the benefit of an early start of treatment emphasise the importance of fast risk stratification in the emergency department (ED). The aim of the present work was to validate the Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS) score as a predictor of 28-day mortality in ED patients with sepsis in The Netherlands, and to compare its performance to C reactive protein (CRP) and lactate.

Methods This was a historical cohort study in a secondary and tertiary care university hospital. Patients were included if they were seen by an internist in the ED, fulfilled the clinical criteria for sepsis and were admitted to the hospital. Primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality within 28 days.

Results In the 6-month study period, 331 patients were included, of whom 38 (11.5%) died. Mortality varied significantly per MEDS category: ≤4 points (very low risk: 3.1%), 5–7 points (low risk: 5.3%), 8–12 points (moderate risk 17.3%), 13–15 points (high risk: 40.0%), >15 points (very high risk: 77.8%). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the MEDS score predicted 28-day mortality better than CRP (area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.81 (95% CI 0.73 to 0.88) and 0.68 (95% CI 0.58 to 0.78), respectively). Lactate was not measured in enough patients (47) for a valid evaluation, but seemed to predict mortality at least fairly (AUC 0.75, 95% CI 0.60 to 0.90).

Conclusions The MEDS score is an adequate tool for predicting mortality in patients with sepsis in a Dutch internistic ED population. CRP is less useful in this context. Lactate appears to be at least a fair predictor of mortality, but needs to be investigated more systematically in a larger population.

  • Sepsis
  • outcome
  • mortality
  • emergency department
  • risk stratification
  • mortality in emergency department sepsis score
  • C reactive protein
  • lactate
  • clinical assessment
  • education
  • assessment
  • infectious diseases
  • wounds
  • infection

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Medical Ethical Committee Maastricht University Center.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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