Effectiveness of local cold application on skin burns and pain after transthoracic cardioversion
- 1Department of Surgical Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey
- 2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery Intensive Care Unit, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
- 3Department of Medical Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey
- 4Department of Public Health, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
- Correspondence to Ayla Yava, Department of Surgical Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Nursing, Gulhane Askeri Tip Akademisi, Hemsirelik Yuksek Okulu, 06010 Etlik, Ankara, Turkey;
Contributors Study design: AY, AK. Data collection: AY, AK, NT. Statistics: AY, SK. Manuscript preparation: AY, NT, AK.
- Accepted 8 May 2011
- Published Online First 2 June 2011
Background Transthoracic cardioversion (TTC) is widely used in emergency departments and daily clinical practice. TTC may cause skin lesions on the application of apical and sternal paddle areas. The lesions are characterised by redness, erythema and blister(s), and can be defined as first degree burns locally causing pain and increased sensitivity.
Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of local cold application on reducing the incidence, severity and pain/sensitivity of skin burns in patients who underwent TTC.
Methods The study was conducted in the intensive care unit of the cardiovascular surgery department. The patients were assigned to study (n=24) and control groups (n=24). Local cold application was performed for a 1 hour period on patients in the study group, whereas only clinical procedures were applied in the control group following TTC. Incidence and severity of burn was evaluated 2 h after TTC, and pain/sensitivity scores were evaluated at 2, 4 and 24 h after TTC.
Results The incidence of burn was significantly lower in the study group (3/24) compared to the control group (21/24) (12.5% vs 83.3%, p<0.001). Pain/sensitivity scores were significantly lower in the study group compared to the control group (p<0.05).
Conclusion Local cold application following TTC is an effective means of reducing the incidence and severity of burns and pain/sensitivity. It is cost-effective and can easily be applied by nurses in medical/surgical units and emergency departments.
Completing interests None.
Ethics approval This project was approved by the local ethics committee of the hospital (clinical trial number 1491-230-06).
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.