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Humanisation in the emergency department of an Italian hospital: new features and patient satisfaction
  1. Emanuela Lovato1,
  2. Davide Minniti2,
  3. Marika Giacometti1,
  4. Roberto Sacco2,
  5. Alberto Piolatto3,
  6. Bruno Barberis3,
  7. Riccardo Papalia1,
  8. Fabrizio Bert1,
  9. Roberta Siliquini4
  1. 1Department of Public Health, School of Specialization in Public Health, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
  2. 2Health Service Organization, Rivoli Hospital, Rivoli (Turin), Italy
  3. 3Emergency Department, Rivoli Hospital, Rivoli (Turin), Italy
  4. 4Department of Public Health, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Marika Giacometti, Department of Public Health, School of Specialization in Public Health, University of Turin, Via Santena 5/bis, Torino, Turin 10126, Italy; marika.giacometti{at}


Objectives The goal of this study was to describe and analyse interventions performed in the emergency department (ED) of an Italian hospital with the aim of humanising the patient care pathway. The actions taken are described and the changes analysed to determine whether they resulted in an increased level of patient satisfaction.

Methods An observational study was conducted between October 2010 and March 2011. The data were collected via a telephone questionnaire administered to patients who were admitted to the ED before and after humanisation interventions. The respondents were questioned about their general condition and their level of satisfaction.

Results The study population included 297 patients (158 before and 139 after the interventions). The highest overall patient satisfaction after the interventions was highly correlated with the humanisation interventions and not with other factors such as gender, age, educational level or the severity code triage. Specifically, in patients who went to the ED after the changes had been made, there was a greater level of satisfaction regarding comfort in the waiting room, waiting time for the first visit and the privacy experienced during the triage.

Conclusion The results demonstrate that the interventions implemented in this study, designed to humanise the ED, improved overall patient satisfaction. Interventions may be taken to reduce the depersonalisation of patients in the emergency room.

  • Humanisation
  • patient satisfaction
  • emergency department
  • emergency department management
  • epidemiology

Statistics from


  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Consent was obtained during telephone interview.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by Health Department staff.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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