Emerg Med J doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201626
  • Original article

Family witnessed resuscitation: nationwide survey of 337 prehospital emergency teams in France

  1. Agnes Ricard-Hibon1
  1. 1AP-HP, SMUR et DAR, Hôpital Beaujon, Université Paris 7, Clichy, France
  2. 2AP-HP, Urgences et SAMU 93, Hôpital Avicenne, Université Paris 13, Bobigny, France
  3. 3School of Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Vanessa Belpomme, AP-HP, Service d'Anesthésie-Réanimation-SMUR, Hôpital Beaujon, 100 bd du Général Leclerc, Clichy La Garenne 92110, France; vanessa.belpomme{at}
  • Received 8 June 2012
  • Revised 26 October 2012
  • Accepted 31 October 2012
  • Published Online First 6 December 2012


Objective To assess the practices and opinions of prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) with regard to family witnessed resuscitation (FWR) and to analyse the differences between physicians’ and nurses’ responses.

Design An anonymous questionnaire (30 yes/no questions on demographics and FWR) was sent to all prehospital emergency staff (physicians, nurses and support staff) working for the 377 Mobile Intensive Care Units in France.

Results Of the 2689 responses received 2664 were analysed. Mean respondent age was 38±8 years, the male to female ratio was 1:2. 87% of respondents had already performed FWR and 38% had offered relatives the option to be present during resuscitation. Most respondents (90%) felt that FWR might cause psychological trauma to the family; 70% thought that FWR might impact on the duration of resuscitation and 68% on EMS team concentration. In the 28% of cases when relatives had asked to be present, 59% of respondents had acquiesced but only 27% were willing to invite relatives to be routinely present.

Conclusions Prehospital EMS teams in France seems to support FWR but are not yet ready to offer it systematically to relatives. Following our survey, written guidelines are currently in development in our department. These guidelines could be the first step of a national strategy for developing FWR in France. We await results from other studies of family members’ opinions to compare prehospital practitioners’ and family members’ views to further develop our practice.

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Among patients with minor TBI (GCS 13-15) getting CT scans ≥ 24 hours after injury, what proportion have a traumatic finding?


0.5% - 43% response rate
3% - 41% response rate
10% - 16% response rate

Related original article: PCT head imaging in patients with head injury who present after 24 h of injury: a retrospective cohort study

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