Driver obesity and the risk of fatal injury during traffic collisions
- 1Division of Environmental Health Sciences, Safe Transportation Research and Education Center, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
- 2Department of Epidemiology & Injury Control Research Center, University of West Virginia, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
- Correspondence to Dr Thomas M Rice, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, Safe Transportation Education and Research Center, University of California, 2614 Dwight Way, #7374, Berkeley, CA 94720-7374, USA;
- Received 10 August 2012
- Revised 27 November 2012
- Accepted 4 December 2012
- Published Online First 21 January 2013
Background Few studies have looked at how obesity affects injury outcomes among vehicle occupants involved in traffic collisions.
Objective To estimate the association of obesity with death risk among drivers of passenger vehicles aged ≥16 and to examine effect modification by driver sex, driver seat belt use, vehicle type and collision type.
Methods We conducted a matched-pair cohort study using data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. WHO body mass index (BMI) categories were calculated. Data were analysed using conditional Poisson regression.
Results Estimated risk ratios (RRs) were slightly raised for underweight drivers (RR=1.19, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.63). RR increased with higher BMI categories and were 1.21 (0.98 to 1.49) for BMI 30–34.9, 1.51 (1.10 to 2.08) for BMI 35–39.9 and 1.80 (1.15 to 2.84) for BMI ≥40. Estimated BMI effects varied by gender. We found no meaningful variation across levels of vehicle type, collision type or seat belt use.
Conclusions Findings from this study suggest that obese vehicle drivers are more likely to die from traffic collision-related injuries than non-obese occupants involved in the same collision. Education is needed to improve seat belt use among obese people, as is research to understand the potential role of comorbidities in injury outcomes.