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Over-the-head two-thumb encircling technique as an alternative to the two-finger technique in the in-hospital infant cardiac arrest setting: a randomised crossover simulation study
  1. Choong Hyun Jo,
  2. Hwan Suk Jung,
  3. Gyu Chong Cho,
  4. You Jang Oh
  1. Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Hallym University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gyu Chong Cho, Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Hallym University, 445 Gil-dong, Gang-dong gu, Seoul 134-701, Republic of Korea; emdrcho{at}empas.com

Abstract

Objective To determine if the over-the-head two-thumb encircling technique (OTTT) provides better quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) than the conventional two-finger technique (TFT) when performed by a lone rescuer in an in-hospital infant cardiac arrest setting.

Methods This prospective, randomised crossover design study recruited 50 nurses who voluntarily performed lone rescuer infant CPR for 2 min on a manikin. Participants who performed OTTT stood at the head of the manikin to compress the chest and provide bag–valve mask ventilations, whereas those who performed TFT stood by the side of the manikin to compress the chest and provide pocket–mask ventilations. Mean hands-off time, mean compression depths and rates, proportion of effective compressions and complete recoil, and fatigue score changes were assessed during the test, and a survey on the ease of use of the techniques was conducted after the test.

Results Hands-off time, total ventilation volume and number of ventilations were not significantly different between the two techniques. OTTT resulted in greater depth of compressions (p<0.001), greater proportion of effective compressions (p<0.001), smaller proportion of complete recoil (p=0.001), and smaller fatigue score change (p=0.003) than TFT. In addition, subjects reported that compression, ventilation and changing compression to ventilation were easier using OTTT than TFT.

Conclusions OTTT performed by a lone rescuer in an in-hospital infant cardiac arrest setting resulted in greater compression depth, with no increase in hands-off time, compared with TFT. OTTT may therefore be a suitable alternative to TFT in the in-hospital infant cardiac arrest setting.

  • resuscitation
  • research, methods
  • cardiac arrest

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