Table 1 General perceptions
Overall n = 75 No. (%; 95% CI)Providers n = 33 No. (%; 95% CI)Nurses n = 42 No. (%; 95% CI)
“How many times in your last 5 shifts in the ED during which an emergency pharmacist was on duty, have you consulted the emergency pharmacist? (select one)”
Multiple times per shift18 (24%; 15% to 35% )6 (18%; 7% to 35%)12 (29%; 16% to 45%)
At least once per shift30 (40%; 29% to 52%)14 (42%; 25% to 61%)16 (38%; 24% to 54%)
A few times22 (29%; 19% to 41%)12 (36%; 20% to 55%)10 (24%; 12% to 39%)
Not at all5 (7%; 2% to 15%)1 (3%; 0% to 16%)4 (10%; 3% to 23%)
“Which of the following do you think is most important in maximising the emergency pharmacist’s contribution to medication safety? (select one)”
Attend medical and trauma resuscitations27 (36%; 25% to 48%)11 (33%; 18% to 52%)16 (38%; 24% to 54%)
Order review7 (9%; 4% to 18%)2 (6%; 1% to 20%)5 (12%; 4% to 26%)
Being available for consult35 (47%; 35% to 59%)18 (55%; 36% to 72%)17 (40%; 26% to 57%)
Staff education6 (8%; 3% to 17%)2 (6%; 1% to 20%)4 (10%; 3% to 23%)
Patient education0 (0%; 0% to 5%)0 (0%; 0% to 11%)0 (0%; 0% to 8%)
“Which of the following types of orders should the emergency pharmacist check before they are administered? (select all that apply)”*
All orders9 (12%; 6% to 22%)3 (9%; 2% to 24%)6 (14%; 5% to 29%)
Urgent orders30 (40%; 29% to 52%)14 (42%; 25% to 61%)16 (38%; 24% to 54%)
Non-urgent orders2 (3%; 0% to 9%)1 (3%; 0% to 16%)1 (2%; 0% to 13%)
High risk medications64 (85%; 75% to 92%)29 (88%; 72% to 97%)35 (83%; 69% to 93%)
Rarely used medications56 (75%; 63% to 84%)25 (76%; 58% to 89%)31 (74%; 58% to 86%)
  • *Multiple answers given by several respondents.

  • *Multiple answers given by several respondents.