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Prospective study of "door to needle time" in meningococcal disease.
  1. F A Riordan,
  2. A P Thomson,
  3. J A Sills,
  4. C A Hart
  1. Institute of Child Health, University of Liverpool.


    OBJECTIVE: To measure the promptness of antibiotic treatment in children with meningococcal disease. METHODS: "Door to needle time" for parenteral antibiotics in children with meningococcal disease was recorded prospectively as part of a larger study. The time from arrival at hospital until the first dose of parenteral antibiotics was recorded in 100 children with meningococcal disease (median (range) age 21 (3-168) months) admitted to four Merseyside hospitals. RESULTS: Forty five children presented directly to the accident and emergency (A&E) department. Parenteral penicillin was given before admission to 19 of the 55 children referred by general practitioners (GPs). Median door to needle time was 36 minutes. All children with a typical petechial rash on arrival received antibiotics within 60 minutes. Antibiotics were given sooner to those with severe disease (p = 0.01) and later to those without a rash (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: The first dose of parenteral antibiotics for most children with meningococcal disease was given in A&E. When awareness of meningococcal disease is heightened by ongoing research, those with a petechial rash are treated within 60 minutes. Strategies to improve immediate treatment of meningococcal disease should include education of A&E staff as well as GPs.

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