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Discovery of the intraosseous route for fluid administration
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    Earlier examples of intraosseous drug and fluid administration

    Dear Editor,

    In his article, Dr Foëx sketched the history of intraosseous drug and fluid administration, citing Tocantins and co-workers as the pioneers of this technique. In all fairness, however, it should be pointed out that this method was indeed described, and used clinically, even earlier than that. In fact, one of the pioneers in this field, Henry Turkel, traces the experimental studies of the bone marrow...

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