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Proposed risk stratification in upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage: Is hospitalisation essential?
  1. A E Courtney1,
  2. R M S Mitchell1,
  3. L Rocke2,
  4. B T Johnston1
  1. 1Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, UK
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr B T Johnston
 Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BA, UK;


Aims: Patients with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (UGIH) are usually admitted to hospital regardless of the severity of the bleed. The aim of this study was to identify patients who could be safely managed without hospitalisation and immediate inpatient endoscopy.

Methods: Based on a literature review, a protocol was devised using clinical and laboratory data regarded as being of prognostic value. A retrospective observational study of consecutive patients who attended the emergency department (ED) with UGIH was conducted during one calendar month.

Results: Fifty four patients were identified of whom 44 (81%) were admitted. Twelve suffered an adverse event. One of the 10 patients (10%) initially discharged from the ED was later admitted. Strict implementation of the protocol would have resulted in safe discharge of a further 15 patients, (34% of those admitted), and a saving of an estimated 37 bed days per month.

Conclusions: Patients at low risk from UGIH may be identified in the ED. If validated, this protocol may improve patient management and resource utilisation.

  • upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage
  • risk stratification
  • Rockall score
  • ED, emergency department
  • UGIH, upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage

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  • * Symptomatic and requiring additional treatment