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What percentages of patients are suitable for prehospital thrombolysis?

Abstract

Objective: To apply the Joint Royal College Ambulance Liaison Committee (JRCALC) checklist to patients who were deemed eligible for thrombolytic therapy on arrival in an Accident & Emergency Department (A&E) to determine the proportion suitable for prehospital thrombolysis.

Design: Retrospective descriptive analysis.

Methods: The clinical notes of all patients thrombolysed in an A&E department in a year were reviewed against the JRCALC guidelines for prehospital thrombolysis.

Results: 14.2% of patients eligible for thrombolysis in a district general hospital were deemed suitable for prehospital thrombolysis according to the JRCALC criteria. The most common exclusion criteria were hyper/hypotension (50%), onset of symptoms (pain) >6 h previously (41.7%), or age >75 years (37%). Two or more contraindications to prehospital thrombolysis were present in 63.9% of patients.

Conclusion: The JRCALC guidelines are an effective tool for identifying patients with potential contraindications to thrombolysis.

  • bolus
  • JRCALC
  • prehospital
  • thrombolysis
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