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A LITTLE BIT OF WHAT YOU FANCY
Sophia already enjoys red wine for health reasons and is happy to justify a further pleasure in the form of dark chocolate, albeit in small portions. The addition of one piece of dark chocolate per day significantly improved both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive patients compared with white chocolate. The effect is believed to be by increased nitric oxide production in the vascular endothelium. The effect was greater for those with higher blood pressures (JAMA 2007;298:49–60).
HEALTHY DIET FOR BREAST CANCER?
An article in JAMA (2007;298:289–98) reports disappointing results for those who believe that a diet high in fruit and vegetables has anticarcinogenic properties. Groups of women with early stage breast cancer who adopted a diet high in fruit, vegetables and fibre were compared with a similar group who followed a “five a day” regime. There was no difference in additional breast cancer events and mortality over a 7-year …