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Acute spontaneous compartment syndrome in recent onset type 1 diabetes
  1. H Mahdi1,
  2. Stephen Gough2,
  3. Kanwardeep K Gill2,
  4. Brinder Mahon3
  1. 1The Saplings, Newcastle under Lyme, Staffordshire, UK
  2. 2Selly Oak Hospital, University Hospital Birmingham Trust, Birmingham, UK
  3. 3Queen Elizabeth Hospital, University Hospital Birmingham Trust, Birmingham, UK
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr H Mahdi
 Respiratory Consultant Physician, Barnsley Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Gawber Road, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S75 2EP, UK; mahdi{at}


Acute spontaneous compartment syndrome is a rare orthopaedic emergency that usually presents to general physicians as an acute medical admission. Most cases reported to date, in patients with diabetes, are in those with long-standing disease or with evidence of diabetic complications. An acute spontaneous compartment syndrome in a girl with recent diagnosis of type 1 diabetes is reported here. Awareness of the condition allows early recognition and diagnosis, thereby preventing more severe muscle necrosis and disability.

  • DMI, diabetes-associated muscle infarction
  • DVT, deep vein thrombosis

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  • Funding: This study was self-funded.

  • Competing interests: None.