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Comparison of arterial and venous pH, bicarbonate, Pco2 and Po2 in initial emergency department assessment
  1. G Malatesha,
  2. Nishith K Singh,
  3. Ankur Bharija,
  4. Bhavya Rehani,
  5. Ashish Goel
  1. Department of Internal Medicine and Dept of Emergency Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to:
 Dr Nishith K Singh
 107 Shrewsbury Drive, Wilmington, Delaware 19810, USA; nishith_singh2004{at}


Objective: To determine the agreement between arterial and venous samples in a pathologically diverse patient population presenting at an emergency department (ED) with a view to obviating the need for arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis in initial ED evaluation.

Methods: Prospective study of 95 patients (69 males, 26 females, mean (SD) age 52 (1.6) years) with diverse medical conditions, presenting at a tertiary health centre ED and deemed by the treating physician to require an ABG analysis. Arterial and venous samples for gas analysis were taken as close in time to each other as possible. The data thus obtained were analysed for agreement between pH, Pco2, Po2 and bicarbonate using the Bland–Altman method.

Results: The arterial and venous values of pH, bicarbonate and Pco2 show acceptably narrow 95% limits of agreement using the Bland–Altman method (0.13 to −0.1, 4.3 to −5.8 and 6.8 to −7.6, respectively). Agreement in Po2 measurements was poor (95% limits of agreement 145.3 to −32.9).

Conclusion: Venous blood gas analysis for pH, bicarbonate and Pco2 may be a reliable substitute for ABG analysis in the initial evaluation of an adult patient population presenting to the ED.

  • ABG, arterial blood gas
  • ED, emergency department
  • Pco2, partial pressure of carbon dioxide
  • Po2, partial pressure of oxygen
  • VBG, venous blood gas

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  • Sources of funding: None

  • Conflicts of interest: The authors G Malatesha, Nishith K Singh, Ankur Bharija, Bhavya Rehani and Ashish Goel have no interests to declare