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Soft tissue injuries: 3. Paraspinal
  1. J Timothy,
  2. E Foley,
  3. C Comer,
  4. D Barron,
  5. J Sloan,
  6. H Shilliday
  1. Emergency Department, Countess of Chester Hospital, Chester, UK
  1. Mr J Sloan, Emergency Department, Countess of Chester Hospital, Liverpool Road, Chester CH2 1UK, UK; john.sloan{at}


A review of injuries to the spinal musculature, spinal ligaments, intervertebral discs, zygapophyseal joints (facet joints) and nerve roots.

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  • Competing interests: None declared.