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- Chest—non trauma
- management, emergency department management
- nursing, pre-hospital
- prehospital care, doctors in PHC
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an under-diagnosed condition. It is usually a benign process primarily affecting young men. Precipitating causes noted are violent cough, asthma, valsalva manoeuvre, inhalation drugs and exertion.
Competing interests None.
Patient consent Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.