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Use of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in emergency departments of hospitals in Spain
  1. J C Andreu-Ballester1,
  2. A Almela-Quilis2,
  3. M J Cano-Cano2,
  4. R Sorando2,
  5. A Dolz-Domingo2,
  6. E Gonzalvo-Bellver2,
  7. M Millan-Scheiding3
  1. 1Research Unit, Emergency Department, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, Valencia, Spain
  2. 2Emergency Department, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, Valencia, Spain
  3. 3Department of Surgery, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to J C Andreu-Ballester, Research Unit, Emergency Department, Arnau de Vilanova Hospital, Valencia 46015, Spain; jcandreu{at}


A survey was undertaken of the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in Spain. 45.7% of emergency departments use NIV. The average time it has been in use is 4 years. Public hospitals use NIV more frequently (89.5%) as well as teaching hospitals (78.1%). Emergency physicians are the professionals who most frequently use NIV (68.8%). High flux continuous positive airway pressure (58.4%) and facial masks (63.5%) are most commonly used. Only 18.9% of hospitals have quality registration in NIV and 35.6% have protocols for using NIV. The method is underused by technicians working in hospital emergency services and there is a lack of uniform protocols with other departments involved.

  • Noninvasive ventilation
  • respiratory care
  • emergency department
  • nursing
  • respiratory
  • Trauma
  • chest
  • ventilation

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval This study was conducted with the approval of the Arnau de Vilanova Hospital.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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