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Which of the following are true regarding clinical signs and symptoms of alcohol withdrawal?
Signs of alcohol withdrawal usually begin 24–36 h after a decrease in the patient's usual intake of alcohol and last 2–7 days.
Severe alcohol withdrawal is characterised by irritability, sedation, tremor, hypertension, tachycardia, hyper-reflexia and fever.
Schizophrenic patients will typically describe visual hallucinations, whereas the alcoholic patient in withdrawal will most often describe tactile hallucinations.
Coma is uncommon with a blood alcohol level below 0.20 mg% (200 mg/dl) and the lethal level for 50% of the non-ethanol-dependent population is 0.45 mg% (450 mg/dl).
Which of the following are true regarding alcohol-related seizures?
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; not externally peer reviewed.
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