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Grade III injuries of the lateral ligaments of the ankle: the incidence and a simple stress test.
  1. C L Muwanga,
  2. M Hellier,
  3. D N Quinton,
  4. J P Sloan,
  5. A F Dove


    One hundred and seventy-five consecutive acute ankle injuries were assessed for instability. A simplified radiological anterior stress test, without anaesthesia, was used to assess instability. Nineteen patients (11%) showed evidence of gross instability (Grade III injuries). This is recommended as a simple screening test.

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