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Learning and retention of emergency first aid skills in a violent, developing South African township
  1. Jared H Sun1,
  2. Lee A Wallis2
  1. 1Stanford Health Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
  2. 2Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Jared Sun, Stanford University, 117 Encina Commons, Rm 179, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; jared.sun{at}


Community members in developing areas can effectively learn first responder training, and skill decay afterwards is not continuous. It is critical that training be done in the trainees' primary language, even if they speak other languages fluently. Making first responder training obligatory for employees and students may be an effective way to generate first responders.

  • Pre-hospital care
  • education
  • global health
  • emergency ambulance systems
  • first responders
  • care systems
  • major incident planning
  • emergency care systems
  • emergency departments

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  • Funding This study was sponsored by the Fulbright Scholarship, which did not have any active role in the study. The authors had full access to all the data in the study and had final responsibility for the decision to submit it for publication.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Ethics approval Ethics approval was provided by the Stanford University and University of Cape Town ethics committees.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.