Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Reflection: on the use of the ILMA in an entrapped patient
  1. Nick Castle1,2,
  2. Sageshin Naguran2
  1. 1Emergency Department, Frimley Park Hospital, Camberley, UK
  2. 2Department of Emergency Care and Rescue, Durban University of Technology, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, Republic of South Africa
  1. Correspondence to Nick Castle, Department of Emergency Care and Rescue, Durban University of Technology, Ritson Road, Durban, KwaZulu Natal 4000, Republic of South Africa; Castle.nicholas{at}, Nicholas.castle{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

On our arrival at a motor vehicle collision we were presented with an entrapped driver. Patient access was restricted to the patient's head, upper chest and right arm due to door intrusion and patient position.

  1. Obstructed

  2. Respiratory rate 6 min−1 (despite jaw thrust) and SpO2 70%

  3. Pulse 120

  4. Unconscious

  5. Suspected head and chest injuries due to bull's eye damage to windscreen and collapsed steering wheel

The airway was cleared by suction, an oral airway inserted and high-flow oxygen was administered. A low respiratory rate and a nasal cannula EtCO2 reading of 57 mm Hg confirmed hypoventilation. While rescue personnel prepared for rapid extrication, we elected to improve oxygenation and ventilation by inserting an intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) as opposed to the more common South African practise of intubating the patient using an ‘ice pick’ approach, which involves intubating the patient while standing in front of the patient.1 …

View Full Text


  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.