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Basic life support skill improvement with newly designed renewal programme: cluster randomised study of small-group-discussion method versus practice-while-watching method
  1. Ji Ung Na1,
  2. Tae Rim Lee2,
  3. Mun Ju Kang3,
  4. Tae Gun Shin2,
  5. Min Seob Sim2,
  6. Ik Joon Jo2,
  7. Keun Jeong Song2,
  8. Yeon Kwon Jeong2
  1. 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  3. 3Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea
  1. Correspondence to Dr Keun Jeong Song, Department of Emergency Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan, University School of Medicine, 50 Irwon-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 135-710, South Korea; emsong{at}


Background For the basic life support (BLS) renewal course, we have devised a new educational programme entitled a small-group-discussion (SGD) programme using personalised video-based debriefing.

Objective We compared the efficacy in BLS skill improvement of the SGD programme with the currently used practice-while-watching (PWW) programme, which uses a standardised education video.

Method This was a prospective, cluster randomised study, conducted in a single centre, over 6 months from May 2009 to October 2009. Training was performed in two groups of participants, each group with a different renewal education programme. The efficacy of the programmes was compared using the modified Cardiff test and skill-reporting manikins.

Results Results from 2169 participants were analysed: 1061 in the SGD programme group and 1108 in the PWW programme group. There were no differences between groups on the pretest, either in compression or non-compression skills. However, on the post-test, the SGD programme gave better results for both compression skills and non-compression skills.

Conclusions The new SGD renewal programme is more effective than the PWW programme for improving skills in BLS renewal training.

  • resuscitation, training
  • education, methods

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