Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Barriers and facilitators to CPR knowledge transfer in an older population most likely to witness cardiac arrest: a theory-informed interview approach


Background We sought to identify perceived barriers and facilitators to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training and performing CPR among people above the age of 55 years.

Methods We conducted semistructured qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of independent-living individuals aged 55 years and older from urban and rural settings. We developed an interview guide based on the constructs of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, which elicits salient attitudes, social influences and control beliefs potentially influencing CPR training and performance. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed until achieving data saturation. Two independent reviewers performed inductive analyses to identify emerging themes, and ranked them by way of consensus.

Results Demographics for the 24 interviewees: mean age 71.4 years, women 58.3%, urban location 75.0%, single dwelling 58.3%, CPR training 79.2% and prior CPR on real victim 8.3%. Facilitators of CPR training included: (1) classes in a convenient location; (2) more advertisements; and (3) having a spouse. Barriers to taking CPR training included: (1) perception of physical limitations; (2) time commitment; and (3) cost. Facilitators of providing CPR included: (1) 9-1-1 CPR instructions; (2) reminders/pocket cards; and (3) frequent but brief updates. Barriers to providing CPR included: (1) physical limitations; (2) lack of confidence; and (3) ambivalence of duty to act in a large group.

Conclusions We identified key facilitators and barriers for CPR training and performance in a purposive sample of individuals aged 55 years and older.

  • cardiac arrest

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Linked Articles