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Are there too few women presenting at emergency medicine conferences?
  1. Simon Carley1,2,
  2. Richard Carden2,
  3. Rebecca Riley2,
  4. Natalie May2,
  5. Katrin Hruska3,
  6. Iain Beardsell4,
  7. Michelle Johnston5,
  8. Richard Body2,6,7
  1. 1Centre for Evidence Based Emergency Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
  2. 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Central Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK
  3. 3Department of Internal Medicine, Södertälje Hospital, Södertälje, Sweden
  4. 4Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital Southampton, Southampton, UK
  5. 5Department of Emergency Medicine, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
  6. 6Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
  7. 7The Royal College of Emergency Medicine, UK
  1. Correspondence to Professor Simon Carley, Centre for Evidence Based Emergency Care, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M13 9WL, UK; simon.carley{at}


Introduction There is a perception that women are under-represented as speakers at emergency medicine (EM) conferences. We aimed to evaluate the ratio of male to female speakers and the proportion of presenting time by gender at major international EM conferences.

Methods Conference programmes of the major English-speaking EM conferences occurring from 2014 to 2015 were obtained. The number of presentations, the gender of the speaker and the duration of each presentation were recorded.

Results We analysed eight major EM conferences. These included 2382 presentations, of which 29.9% (range 22.5%–40.9%) were given by women. In total, 56 104 min of presentations were analysed, of which 27.6% (range 21%–36.7%) were delivered by women. On average, presentations by women were 95 s shorter than presentations by men (23 vs 21 min 25 s).

Conclusions Male speakers exceed female speakers at major EM conferences. The reasons for this imbalance are likely complex and multifactorial and may reflect the gender imbalance within the specialty.

  • education
  • communications
  • management
  • management, HR management

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