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Frequent use of emergency departments for mental and substance use disorders
  1. Karen Urbanoski1,2,
  2. Joyce Cheng2,
  3. Jürgen Rehm2,3,
  4. Paul Kurdyak2,3
  1. 1 Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
  2. 2 Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  3. 3 Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Karen Urbanoski, Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2, Canada; urbanosk{at}uvic.ca

Footnotes

  • Contributors KU and PK conceived of the study; KU, PK and JC designed the analysis; JC conducted the analysis; all authors contributed to the interpretation of results; KU wrote the first draft of the manuscript and all authors contributed to revisions.

  • Competing interests Not associated with this study, JR reports grants, personal fees and being a board member (Nalmefene) for Lundbeck.

  • Ethics approval Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KU and PK conceived of the study; KU, PK and JC designed the analysis; JC conducted the analysis; all authors contributed to the interpretation of results; KU wrote the first draft of the manuscript and all authors contributed to revisions.

  • Competing interests Not associated with this study, JR reports grants, personal fees and being a board member (Nalmefene) for Lundbeck.

  • Ethics approval Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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