Article Text

Download PDFPDF

Democratisation of first aid
  1. Emily Oliver
  1. Correspondence to Emily Oliver, First Aid Education, British Red Cross, London EC2Y 9AL, UK; eoliver{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

First aid education has traditionally fallen into the gap between emergency medicine and public health. The fact that training happens at scale among members of the public positions it firmly in lay-person territory, and in doing so, inadvertently diminishes its relevance to professional emergency care and prehospital providers. Yet, the medical science first aid uses as its foundation is closely related (in many cases identical) to that which the professionals use.1 Furthermore, that same science has been shown to be interdependent on education and the use of that education by lay people as depicted in the Utstein Formula for Survival2 where multiplicands of medical science, educational efficiency and local implementation are required for survival.

Bánfai and colleagues3 have attempted to enrich the evidence base needed for the ‘educational efficiency’ component of the Utstein formula to explore first aid education with school children. They have focused on children as an effective way to increase the number of trained bystanders and have looked at knowledge and skill development …

View Full Text


  • Contributors There are no other contributors to this paper.

  • Funding The author has not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests EO is the Senior Education Research Manager (First Aid) of the British Red Cross and Senior Editor of the International Journal of First Aid Education.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Linked Articles