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009 Decision-analysis modelling of the effects of thromboprophylaxis for people with lower limb immobilisation for injury
  1. Sarah Davis1,
  2. Steve Goodacre1,
  3. Abdullah Pandor1,
  4. Daniel Horner2,
  5. John Stevens1,
  6. Kerstin de Wit3,
  7. Beverley Hunt4
  1. 1University of Sheffield
  2. 2Salford Royal Hospital
  3. 3McMaster University
  4. 4Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London


Background Pharmacological thromboprophylaxis reduces the risk of symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in people with lower limb immobilisation due to injury but can increase the risk of bleeding. We used decision-analytic modelling to compare the risks and benefits of thromboprophylaxis and determine the overall benefit of treatment.

Method and results A decision-analytic model was developed to simulate the management of a cohort of people with lower limb immobilisation due to injury according to different thromboprophylaxis strategies, including thromboprophylaxis for all and thromboprophylaxis for none. Costs were estimated from the perspective of the UK National Health Service and Personal Social Services. A six-month decision tree was used to model rates of prophylaxis, VTE events (pulmonary embolism [PE], deep vein thrombosis [DVT]) and major bleeds). A Markov model with a lifetime horizon was used to extrapolate costs and QALY losses associated with chronic complications following VTE or bleeding events. The health states included within the Markov model captured the risk of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) following VTE and the risk of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) following PE. QALYs were estimated by applying estimates of health utility to life expectancy after each of the events in the model.

Conclusions The results suggest that the combined rate of serious acute adverse outcomes (intracranial haemorrhage [ICH], death from VTE or bleeding) would be around 1 in 4000 regardless of thromboprophylaxis use. As shown in table 1, the short-term benefits of thromboprophylaxis lie in reducing the rates of non-fatal PE, symptomatic DVT and asymptomatic DVT, with associated longer-term benefits of reduced risks of PTS and CTEPH. Overall, thromboprophylaxis is estimated to result in 0.015 additional QALYs per patient.

Abstract 009 Figure 1

Predicted clinical outcomes per 100,000 patients with lower limb immobilisation due to injury

Our findings suggest that the benefits of thromboprophylaxis lie in reducing long-term consequences of VTE rather than reducing the risk of acute serious adverse events.

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