Article Text

Download PDFPDF

034 Early cardiovascular dysfunction drives in-hospital trauma mortality
  1. Rich Carden1,
  2. David Lockey2,
  3. Karim Brohi1
  1. 1Centre for Trauma Sciences, Queen Mary University London
  2. 2London’s Air Ambulance


Background Improvements in trauma resuscitation practice have reduced the early in-hospital mortality from haemorrhage and its immediate sequelae. Early cardiovascular dysfunction (CVD) is a poorly understood and under-recognised major contributor to contemporary trauma deaths. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the prevalence and impact of CVD in a population of trauma patients without catastrophic TBI.

A review of data collected prospectively at a UK Major Trauma Centre from 2008–2018. Adult trauma patients over the age of 15 were included. CVD was defined as a score of 4 on admission or day 1 of admission using the cardiovascular component of the SOFA score.

1042 patients were included, of which 125 (12%) had CVD. The 28-day mortality rate in the total population was 4.8%, and of those 64% had CVD. CVD was associated with a blunt mechanism of injury (81.6%), male gender (81.6%), and a high injury severity score (median=27). In the CVD group the major haemorrhage protocol was activated in 76.8% of patients, and 73.6% received more than 4 units of red blood cells in the first 24 hours.

Early CVD was more prevalent than any other single-system dysfunction assessed with the SOFA. All deaths with single organ failure in a SOFA domain other than cardiovascular had concurrent CVD. In predicting 28-day mortality, CVD had an AUROC of .882 (CI=0.810–0.955, p=0.000), odds ratio of 57.2, and sensitivity and specificity of 86.7% and 89.7% respectively. Multiple regression analysis identified admission base deficit, admission systolic blood pressure and heart rate, increased age, blunt mechanism, increased injury severity score, and 24-hour crystalloid administration as strong predictors of developing CVD.

Abstract 034 Figure 1

Early SOFA domain and mortality

Abstract 034 Figure 2

Prevalence of CVD and its contribution to other organ dysfunction

Abstract 034 Table 1


CVD is the contemporary driver of in-hospital non-head injured trauma mortality. The resuscitation phase is the window of opportunity for discovery of novel treatments.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.