A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether pin management or sedation is indicated to improve outcome in patients who show signs of awareness during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Seven papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. It is concluded that awareness during CPR or CPR-induced consciousness is rare but increasingly reported. Further research is needed before definite guidance can be given. Local advice should be followed
- emergency care systems
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Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
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