Article Text

Download PDFPDF
In reply: Outcomes difference in non-invasive ventilation in ’very old' patients with acute respiratory failure: occult gender effect?
  1. Francesca Maria Trovato1,2,
  2. Gaetano Montoneri1,
  3. Paola Noto1,
  4. Giuseppe Mangano1,
  5. Giuseppe Carpinteri1,
  6. Lorenzo Malatino2
  1. 1 MCAU, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico Vittorio-Emanuele, Catania, Italy
  2. 2 Department of Clinical and Experimental medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  1. Correspondence to Dr Francesca Maria Trovato, Department of Clinical and Experimental medicine, Università degli Studi di Catania, Catania 95123, Italy; trovatofrancesca{at}

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

To the Editor,

Thank you for the opportunity to discuss some important points raised by Tibullo and Esquinas in their recent letter.1

We understand that gender differences can affect the outcome of non-invasive ventilation (NIV), and therefore the results of our study.2 Indeed, this concept was highlighted in the limitations of our study. Moreover, pulmonary oedema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were the main indications for NIV in our study. In the literature, it was already demonstrated how clinical presentation, risk factors and prognosis of …

View Full Text


  • Contributors GMo and PN provided the original idea, recruitment and collection of data. GMa, FMT and GC provided new statistical analysis. FMT and LM wrote the paper. All authors approved the final version.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

Linked Articles