Background The Canadian Syncope Risk Score (CSRS) has been proposed for syncope risk stratification in the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study is to perform an external multicenter validation of the CSRS and to compare it with clinical judgement.
Methods Using patients previously included in the SyMoNE database, we enrolled subjects older than 18 years who presented reporting syncope at the ED. For each patient, we estimated the CSRS and recorded the physician judgement on the patients’ risk of adverse events. We performed a 30-day follow-up.
Results From 1 September 2015 to 28 February 2017, we enrolled 345 patients; the median age was 71 years (IQR 51–81), 174 (50%) were men and 29% were hospitalised. Serious adverse events occurred in 43 (12%) of the patients within 30 days. The area under the curve of the CSRS and clinical judgement was 0.75 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.81) and 0.68 (95% CI 0.61 to 0.74), respectively. The risk of adverse events of patients at low risk according to the CSRS and clinical judgement was 6.7% and 2%, with a sensitivity of 70% (95% CI 54% to 83%) and 95% (95% CI 84% to 99%), respectively.
Conclusion This study represents the first validation analysis of CSRS outside Canada. The overall predictive accuracy of the CSRS is similar to the clinical judgement. However, patients at low risk according to clinical judgement had a lower incidence of adverse events as compared with patients at low risk according to the CSRS. Further studies showing that the adoption of the CSRS improve patients’ outcomes is warranted before its widespread implementation.
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. Data are available upon reasonable request to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Handling editor Richard Body
Correction notice Since this article was first published online the institution for Dr Furlan and Dr Dipaola has been updated.
Contributors MS, GT, GCa and GCo designed the study; PV, FD, LF, EMF, FR, IC, KC, SR, MR and AV collected the data; MS, GT, GCa, GCo analysed and interpreted the data; MS, GT, GCa and GCo drafted the manuscript; all the authors critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content; GCa provided statistical expertise.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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