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- End-tidal C02
- analgesia/pain control
- emergency ambulance systems
We were dispatched to a road traffic collision which was 40 min from the nearest receiving hospital. On arrival, we noted an adult patient who had been extricated from their car after a T-bone collision.
Resp 32, Spo2 100% on 40% O2
BP 130/95 & pulse 100
Primary survey found no head or chest injuries but an obvious fracture of the femur with associated severe pain preventing the application of a traction splint. We elected to use ketamine 0.25 mg/kg (15 mg based on an estimated weight of 60 kg) to obtain pain relief and a state of conscious sedation (sedated, maintaining own airway but responding to verbal commands).1 In less than 5 min, our patient was more comfortable and sedated, but rousable, allowing application of the traction splint. A pain score could not be recorded, as our patient did not speak English or Zulu, but, during transfer to hospital, our …
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