107 e-Letters

published between 2013 and 2016

  • high fentanyl doses - is this an error?
    Gael J Smits

    Dear authors,

    In your intersting RCT of propofol versus midazolam sedation, you describe giving a fentanyl dose of 3mcg/kg, in conjunction with a titrated dose of propofol or midazolam.

    This appears a pretty large dose, compared to the procedural sedation literature, where the usual dose is 1 mcg/kg (min-max 0.5-2.0).[1-2]

    From previous research with propofol and midazolam in the Emergency Depa...

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  • A timely health warning.
    Anisa J N Jafar

    We thank the authors Challen and Roland for their review (1) which highlights a very important issue faced daily in our Emergency Departments.

    The use of, and more importantly, reliance on the Early Warning Score (EWS) carries risk as up to 1:3 patients admitted to ICU from ED will not score highly on the EWS (2). Clinician opinion may prove a superior assessment tool; this is not adequately explored. Experien...

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  • The Golden Rule
    Thomas Benzoni

    Dr. Basu et al. make an interesting observation: if you kick the dog, eventually he will bite the mailman. How is it we think we can treat the workers without compassion or empathy while expecting them to treat the patients with these same virtues, ones we don't practice?

    This article and an ever-expanding body of literature make it clear: we must treat our staff in the same way we expect them to treat patients....

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  • The Critical Role of Medical Scribe Training
    Nicholas Rich

    Walker et al. report the first economic analysis of the cost of training medical scribes (1). The concept of the medical scribe has been around for at least 4 decades (2), but with the recent advent of the electronic medical record (EMR), especially in the US, there has been a rapid increase in the use of scribes, particularly in emergency departments (3). The ongoing exponential growth in the use of scribes has been re...

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  • Accurate diagnostic strategies for PE
    Philip D Kaye

    The reported algorithm for diagnosis and exclusion of PE using Wells score < 2 plus negative d-dimer to indicate the patient does not require further imaging is a validated pathway. However, d-dimer specificity is low resulting in large numbers of patients who are low-risk for PE still requiring CTPA or a ventilation-perfusion scan. The aim of recent diagnostic studies, including this study reported by Theunissen JMG e...

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  • Response to Obstacle Course runs: Review of Qcquired injries and illnessas at a series of Canadian events (RACE)
    Marna Greenberg

    As authors of a previous report about serious injuries that occurred during an extreme sports obstacle course in the U.S. (1), we read with interest the article by Alana Hawley, etal describing injury and illness outcomes in a series of Canadian obstacle course events. (2) In this Canadian study a small percentage of participants presented to onsite medial services; the majority of complaints were minor and musculoskele...

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  • In response to the e-letter "An interesting study of the wrong cohort"
    Carl Marincowitz

    Many thanks for your interest in our study.

    We agree that as a retrospective study that compares head injured patients presenting within and after 24 hours of injury that have undergone CT imaging our study does have limitations. However, there are currently few data to guide clinicians in this area. We found only 2 other retrospective cohort studies and an abstract that assessed such patients in a recently pu...

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  • An interesting study of the wrong cohort
    Jamie P Fryer

    I thank the authors for highlighting an ongoing concern I have with NICE head injury guidance - namely that the guidance is based on studies of acute head injuries presenting soon after injury and doesn't take delayed presentations into account. However my concern would be the reverse of their own as I feel if we adhered to NICE guidance in patients presenting after 24 hours we would be performing large numbers of unnece...

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  • Measuring outcomes of first aid education
    Emily Oliver

    Pocock et al present fascinating insight to the challenges of the pre -hospital environment for undertaking clinical trials (Human factors in pre hospital research: lessons from the PARAMEDIC trial Pocock H, et al, Emerg Med J 2016; 33: 562-568) which explain the lack of clear strategies of the implementation of research protocol on this issue. The need for strong relationships between teams brings into focus the potenti...

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  • The effectiveness of primary care services located within EDs - optimising streaming
    Martin M McGrath

    The comprehensive review by Ramlakhan et al of the effectiveness of primary care services located within EDs draws mixed conclusions. Whilst initial efficiency savings were identified (both in terms of GP resource utilisation and overall cost) and subsequent hospital admission and referrals appeared reduced, other outcomes proved disappointing or at best equivocal including length of stay, waiting time and patient satisfa...

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