Table 3

Common causes of fever in children presenting with fever and seizure

NB Viral infection, otitis media, and tonsillitis account for 85%–90% with the others making up 10%–15% of all causes.
Cause for fever
    Viral infection (for example, upper respiratory tract infection, non-specific viral illness, roseola, chicken pox and other exanthema, etc)
    Otitis media
    Tonsillitis
    Urinary tract infection
    Gastroenteritis
    Lower respiratory tract infection
    Meningitis
    Post-immunisation
    Post-ictal fever (only likely after generalised seizure of >10 min)