Table 1

Desirability of attributes in rank order for each occupational group based upon mean score

AttributeRank (mean score)
TechnicianParamedicClinical supervisor
Honest1 (93.86)1 (94.17)1 (95.90)
Patient centred2 (91.29)6 (91.55)20 (91.74)
Caring, empathic, and values life3 (90.63)5 (91.74)14 (93.02)
Professionalism4 (89.52)2 (92.80)4 (94.45)
Non-judgemental, non-discriminatory5 (88.45)9 (90.52)3 (94.55)
Self aware, recognising personal responsibilities and limitations6 (87.93)12 (89.86)16 (92.76)
Common sense7 (87.88)14 (87.90)22 (91.64)
Skills and awareness of manual handling and health and safety8 (87.86)17 (87.50)30 (86.93)
Aware of and adherence to national and local guidelines and policies9 (86.10)8 (90.98)7 (93.95)
Practical (pragmatic)10 (86.02)15 (87.86)24 (91.02)
Familiarity with emergency medical equipment and its operation11 (85.24)4 (92.31)10 (93.62)
Physically fit for the role, manually dextrous with good hand eye coordination12 (83.52)23 (85.74)33 (80.98)
Team player with ability to work alone13 (83.05)11 (89.98)25 (90.88)
A range of clinical skills to enable them to manage a range of common emergency conditions, for example; first aid, life support, defibrillation, airway management, drug administration14 (81.66)3 (92.40)9 (93.86)
Ability to take a history and conduct patient assessment and examination of both adults and children15 (81.26)7 (91.21)11 (93.55)
Literate and numerate16 (80.88)20 (86.67)23 (91.26)
Skills and underpinning knowledge of advanced driving17 (80.55)29 (76.36)35 (74.81)
Awareness of, and regard for, professional issues such as; autonomy, accountability, confidentiality and a code of professional conduct18 (79.85)16 (87.52)15 (92.79)
Communication skills; written, verbal, and electronic19 (79.50)18 (87.48)26 (90.52)
Commitment to self development20 (79.36)13 (88.19)5 (94.26)
Ability to learn including the ability to use reflection and learn from experience21 (77.24)19 (86.88)19 (91.79)
Familiarity with local operational area22 (76.52)28 (79.74)34 (76.98)
Underpinning knowledge of common emergency conditions in adults and children23 (75.95)10 (90.12)6 (94.26)
Mental health skills24 (70.79)27 (82.26)32 (85.55)
Role model to others25 (69.52)25 (84.00)8 (93.90)
Awareness of evidenced based practice26 (63.74)26 (82.55)27 (89.98)
Underpinning knowledge in biological sciences including anatomy, physiology, and pathology27 (60.31)24 (85.05)13 (93.21)
Intellectual skills to enable the interpretation of clinical data, the implementation of clinical judgement and decision making, and the formulation of a diagnosis28 (60.21)21 (86.45)17 (92.19)
Underpinning knowledge in law and ethics29 (59.33)30 (78.71)28 (89.50)
Skills and knowledge from recognised emergency care courses such as; Pre Hospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS), Advanced Life Support (ALS), Pre Hospital Paediatric Life Support (PHPLS)30 (58.98)22 (86.45)18 (91.98)
An understanding of current issues, clinical governance, and the role of others within the wider health economy31 (57.45)33 (75.71)21 (91.71)
Skills in clinical and personnel management32 (54.98)32 (75.93)12 (93.43)
Brave33 (47.86)36 (51.64)36 (54.74)
Leadership, mentoring, and supervision skills34 (46.98)31 (76.81)2 (95.62)
Research, statistics, and information retrieval skills35 (42.60)34 (73.81)29 (88.90)
Skills in teaching and presentation36 (38.29)35 (59.83)31 (86.52)