Table 2

Factors relating to the ambulance paramedic

Ambulance paramedic
LabelAttributeFactor loadings
Factor 1 Aware of and adherence to national and local guidelines and policies 0.872 0.0000.000
Core professional skills α = 0.9527Professionalism 0.829 0.0000.000
A range of clinical skills to enable them to manage a range of common emergency conditions, for example; first aid, life support, defibrillation, airway management, drug administration 0.822 0.0000.000
Patient centred 0.821 0.0000.000
Underpinning knowledge of common emergency conditions in adults and children 0.811 0.3600.000
Underpinning knowledge of biological sciences, including anatomy, physiology, and pathology 0.808 0.0000.000
Ability to take a history and conduct patient assessment and examination of both adults and children 0.768 0.3370.000
Team player with ability to work alone 0.745 0.0000.520
Skills and knowledge from recognised emergency care courses such as: prehospital trauma life support, advanced life support, prehospital paediatric life support 0.717 0.0000.000
Non judgemental, non-discriminatory 0.706 0.0000.000
Commitment to self development 0.666 0.3420.424
Caring, empathic, and values life 0.633 0.3520.413
Role model for others 0.631 0.3810.000
Self aware, recognising personal responsibility and limitations 0.542 0.5330.418
Factor 2 Leadership, mentoring, and supervision0.000 0.800 0.000
Management of self and clinical situations α = 0.9304Understanding of current issues, clinical governance, and the role of others within the wider health economy0.303 0.776 0.000
Skills in clinical and personnel management0.000 0.770 0.000
Research, statistics, and information retrieval skills0.509 0.727 0.000
Underpinning knowledge in law and ethics0.414 0.680 0.000
Awareness of evidence based practice0.540 0.658 0.000
Communication skills: written, verbal, and electronic0.485 0.641 0.000
Mental health skills0.000 0.631 0.000
Awareness of and regard for professional issues such as: autonomy, accountability, confidentiality, and a code of professional conduct0.534 0.604 0.307
Literate and numerate0.343 0.563 0.326
Physically fit for the role, manually dextrous, with good hand eye coordination0.461 0.562 0.000
Intellectual skills to enable the interpretation of clinical data, the implementation of clinical judgement and decision making and the formulation of a diagnosis0.412 0.517 0.359
Familiarity with emergency medical equipment and its operation0.393 0.511 0.323
Skills in teaching and presentation0.000 0.483 0.382
Honest0.000 0.347 0.000
Factor 3 Common sense0.0000.000 0.856
Approaches to health and safetyFamiliarity with local operational area0.0000.000 0.814
Practical (pragmatic)0.0000.000 0.790
α = 0.8479Ability to learn, including the ability to use reflection and learn from experience0.3220.000 0.696
Skills and underpinning knowledge of advanced driving0.3700.000 0.370
Skills and awareness of manual handling and health and safety0.0000.384 0.584
Brave0.0000.373 0.501