Table 1

Author, date and countryPatient groupStudy type (level of evidence)OutcomesKey resultsStudy weaknesses
Ireland AJ et al, 1998, UK427 consecutive patients who attended with acute trauma requiring cervical spine radiographs. 60 patients required additional swimmers view. 62 required additional paired supine oblique views.Two phase prospective studyAble to visualise the vertebral bodies and posterior elements of the cervicothoracic junction37% of the swimmers group and 38% of the supine oblique group were judged satisfactory. When vertebral bodies not shown adequately, 70% of supine obliques and 37% swimmers showed posterior elements adequately9 patients from supine oblique group lost, therefore not included in calculations