Table 1

Analysis of injury patterns

Body region (specific injury)Drivers (nā€Š=ā€Š4189)Front seat passengers (nā€Š=ā€Š954)p Value
Percentages are shown in parentheses.
Head 606 (14.5)145 (15.2)0.58
Face 402 (9.6)86 (9.0)0.62
Chest 1216 (29.0)395 (41.4)<0.001
(tension pneumothorax)0.3%0.8%0.021
(isolated rib fractures)9.4%12.8%0.002
(sternal fractures)7.8%18.1%<0.001
Abdomen 250 (6.0)70 (7.3)0.12
(colon rupture)0.3%0.8%0.042
(mesenteric laceration)1.1%2.1%0.025
Cervical spine 183 (4.4)69 (7.2)<0.001
(c-spine fracture)3.3%6.0%<0.001
Thoracic spine 212 (5.1)54 (5.7)0.47
(t-spine fracture cord laceration)0.0%0.20.034
Lumbar spine 218 (5.2)71 (7.4)0.0008
(l-spine fracture)5.0%7.3%0.05
Pelvis 597 (14.3)141 (14.8)0.68
Overall mortality 224 (5.3)63 (6.6)0.13