Table 2

Neurological presentation and outcome

AgeSexMechanism of injuryEntry neurologyISSC/spine stableOutcome
Stability refers to the ability of the cervical spine to maintain alignment under normal loading conditions. See methodology for definition. Plexopathy is neurological deficit in the upper limb attributable only to brachial plexus injury. The “head” outcome describes deficits as a result of head injury only: mild implies covert deficit, only demonstrable on formal testing: moderate implies overt deficit, but still independence for daily living: chronic head implies deficits that require ongoing support and supervision. Limbs OK statement indicates that the patient was moving all limbs, for neurological assessment. It does not address the issue of limb injury (see discussion on neurological examination).
28MMVAL Brachial plexus45YesL plexopathy
85MMVA/TrainGCS 6: limbs OK17NoChronic head
46MPed/MVAGCS 334YesMild head
48MPed/MVAGCS 329NoChronic head
23MMVA/PoleGCS 338NoChronic head
39MMBA/TreeGCS 12: R arm flaccid14NoR plexopathy
62MFall (4 m)Normal41NoNormal
18MPed/MVAGCS 11: L arm weak14NoL plexopathy
48MFall (7 m)GCS 329NoMild head
61FPed/MVAGCS 5: limbs OK29YesNormal
26MPed/MVAGCS 329YesModerate head
26MMBAGCS 12: limbs OK9YesNormal
40MPed/MVAC5 quadriplegia43NoC5 quadriplegia
23MMVAC3 quadriplegia75NoC3 quadriplegia
21MPed/TruckGCS 322YesNormal
26MMBAGCS 13: limbs OK29NoNormal
37MMVAGCS 324NoChronic head
40MMVA (roll)R brachial plexus41NoR plexopathy
31MRock fallNormal8YesNormal
34MFall (4 m)C5 quadriplegia29NoC5 quadriplegia
18FMVA(?SAH)GCS 8: limbs OK16NoNormal
72MPedal cycleGCS 12: R hemiplegia43YesMild head