Table 1

 Current EMS triage criteria as instructed at colleges throughout South Africa

COLLEGERED (P1)YELLOW (P2)GREEN (P3)BLUE (DEAD)
Cape Technikon, Cape TownPrimary Survey compromisedMaintaining own Primary Survey. Injury/illness requires treatment within 60 minutes.Injury/illness that should not compromise the Primary Survey within 60 minutesThe obviously dead
Wits Technikon, GautengPrimary Survey compromisedMaintaining own Primary Survey. Injury/illness requires treatment within 60 minutes.Injury/illness that should not compromise the Primary Survey within 60 minutesThe obviously dead
DTI, NatalLife-threatening emergenciesNon life-threatening emergencies requiring hospital treatment.Minor injury/illness. Walking woundedThe obviously dead
Lebone Ambulance College (Pretoria)Treatable life-threatening injuries/illnessSerious non life-threatening injuries.Minor, easily managed injury/illness that may not require Ambulance transportationThe obviously dead
Natal Ambulance CollegeLife-threatening emergenciesSeriously injured patientsModerate injuriesThe obviously dead
EMS College, Cape TownPrimary Survey is compromised or an injury that will lead to permanent disabilityMaintaining own Primary Survey. Injury/illness requires treatment within 60 minutes.Injury/illness that will not compromise Primary Survey within 60 minutesMortal injury