Table 3
Author, date,and countryPatient groupStudy type (level of evidence)OutcomesKey resultsStudy weakness
Karounis Het al, 2004,USAPaediatric patients with traumatic lacerationsProspective, randomised, controlled trialShort term cosmesis (as measured with percentage of patients with optimal wound score on 6-point scale)Better for absorbable but not statistically significant (63% v 49%); RR 0.73, 95% CI 0.45 to 1.1734% of patients were lost to long term follow up.
Wound dehiscence11% for non-absorbable v 2% for absorbable, pā€Š=ā€Š0.07
Cosmesis at 4 months (measured by plastic surgeon on 100 mm VAS)79 mm for absorbable v 66 for non-absorbable
Cosmesis at 4 months as measured by optimal score on 6-point scale36% for absorbable v 28% for non absorbable; RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.62 to 1.26
Surgical scar revision recommendation3 patients were recommended for revision: 2 were in the absorbable group; all declined revision