Table 1

 Elevation of cardiac troponins in patients without overt ischaemic heart disease2

Cardiac trauma (including contusion, ablation, pacing, firing, cardioversion, cardiac surgery)
Congestive heart failure
Hypertension
Hypotension often with arrhythmias
Postoperative non-cardiac surgery
Chronic renal failure
Critically ill patients, especially with diabetes
Hypothyroid
Myocarditis
Pulmonary embolus
Sepsis
Amyloidosis
Cardiotoxicity from cancer therapy