Table 1

 K10 scores and demographic characteristics of admitted patients through ED

*People 50 years and older who reported to have attended emergency department at least once in the last 12 months.
†All emergency department attendees at this hospital between January 2002 and January 2003.
§Chronic disease group (those who reported high blood pressure, or diabetes, or cancer or heart problems).
Kessler 10
CategoriesStudy sample1997 NSW Health Survey*
% (n = 524)% With co-morbiditiesChronic group (%) (n = 1121)Non-chronic group (%) (n = 789)
Very high (30–50)12.47.76.14.1
High (22–29)21.413.413.09.0
Moderate (16–21)31.37.923.222.9
Low (10–15)34.94.957.764.0
Mean score (95% CI)19.6 (18.9–20.3)16.55 (16.1–16.9)15.48 (15.0–15.9)
Demographic characteristics
CharacteristicK10 sample in ED (%, n = 437)Reference population, all attendees to this ED (%) (6385)Chronic diseased group (1144)§ %Non-chronic diseased group (797) %
Age
50–59 y16.924.527.346.9
60–69 y28.425.933.025.7
70–79 y35.728.228.818.6
80 y +19.021.510.88.8
Sex
Males54.552.144.945.3
Females45.547.955.154.7
Marital status
Separated/divorced59.058.614.116.1
Single25.523.15.25.4
Widowed3.45.426.822.2
Married6.46.253.956.2
Unknown5.76.7