Table 2

 Presentation of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms of all emergency department and psychiatric ward staff

Chinese version DTS symptomsSeverityFrequency
n (%)n (%)
DTS, Davidson Trauma Scale.
Staff who rated “0” were negative for the symptom.
Intensive intrusive imagery68 (76.4)70 (82.4)
Recurrent distressing dreams34 (38.2)44 (51.2)
Acting and feeling as though the trauma were recurring47 (52.8)50 (57.5)
Distressing recollections or dreams and psychological stress50 (65.2)59 (67.8)
Reactions on exposure to stimuli linked to the trauma
Distressing recollections or dreams and physiological stress27 (30.3)35 (40.2)
Reactions on exposure to stimuli linked to the trauma
    Efforts to avoid thoughts related to the trauma26 (29.5)32 (36.8)
    Efforts to avoid activities related to the trauma24 (27.6)30 (33.7)
    Reduced capacity to remember events related to the trauma20 (22.5)27 (31)
    Anhedonia22 (24.7)27 (31)
    Feelings of detachment or derealisation48 (53.9)47 (54)
    Blunted affect29 (32.6)28 (32.2)
    A sense of a foreshortened future33 (37.1)32 (36.8)
    Insomnia40 (44.9)43 (49.4)
    Irritability49 (43.8)41 (47.1)
    Poor concentration37 (41.6)36 (41.4)
    Hypervigilance44 (49.4)48 (55.2)
    Exaggerated startle33 (37.1)35 (40.2)